Yevgeny Yevtushenko. What is it like to be a classic in life?

“Renowned out of the program and eternal outside of schools and systems, it is not hand crafted and not imposed on us by anyone.” B. Pasternak "Wind".

It is written about Blok, but it seems to be a general poetic formula that characterizes the path of the artist to the reputation of the classic, which is created spontaneously, in accordance with the opinions and interests of the general reading public, and not by someone else's instructions. What of the fact that Stalin proclaimed Mayakovsky in 1935 "the best, most talented poet of the Soviet era" and awarded the prize named after himself?

The idols of his time are far from always classics: thus, under Pushkin, they were considered classics and predicted eternal fame to journalist and writer F. Bulgarin and the author of "moral-descriptive" novels P. Boborykin, and under Chekhov to playwright I. Potapenko. Now their names and works are familiar only to literary specialists.

Conversely, in history there are often cases of blindness in relation to the art, which is then proclaimed great. So, after centuries of oblivion, it was not until the 19th century that Botticelli reborn. Interest in Bach's music arose almost a century after the death of the great composer. And such examples do not count.

“When a poet is alive, understand that he is a classic, only a few can. To understand how talented he is, you need to present him as dead, ”J. Renard joked bitterly.

E. A. Yevtushenko did not have to die, so that everyone, and during his lifetime, understood that he was a great poet. Twenty poems, novels and novels, memoirs, journalism, more than 50 songs, many of which are considered folk, screenplays, the work of the director and actor - all this speaks of him as a prolific author and tireless worker. But, of course, the most important thing is his poems. For 60 years (since 1953) almost 50 collections have been published! And how many he spent poetic concerts, restoring the tradition of Mayakovsky to speak to the public!

According to the American journalist M. Buzukashvili, two of the most impressive, the most powerful by the influence of the poem of the XX century - “If” (1910) R. Kipling and “Babiy Yar” (1961) E. Evtushenko.

... As a student of the Literary Institute, Yevtushenko was sent to practice in a long run at the Kakhovskaya hydroelectric station under construction. Here he met with the Kyivan writer Anatoly Kuznetsov, who undertook to show him Babi Yar - a huge ravine with a length of over 2 km and a depth of 50 m, the place of mass executions in 1941. Here the Nazis killed more than 150 thousand people, mostly civilians - Jews, Gypsies, and also prisoners of war.

Yevtushenko was shocked, not finding on the spot the death of people even a small memorial sign. Moreover, the whole Babi Yar was turned into a giant dump by the city authorities. That night the same poem was written, breaking the conspiracy of silence around Babi Yar and the events of the Holocaust.

Everything silently shouts here, and taking off his hat,
I feel like I am slowly turning gray.
And I myself, like a continuous silent scream,
over thousands of thousands of buried.
I am every shot an old man.
I am every child shot here.
Nothing in me will forget about it!
... Jewish blood is not in my blood.
But hated by malice hardened
I am all anti-Semites, like a Jew
And therefore - I am real Russian!

The poem friends made a strong impression on the poem, but they unanimously declared that not a single newspaper would print it. Gaining courage, Yevtushenko bore his editor, "Literary Gazette" V. A. Kosolapov. He, a former front-line soldier, was considered an honest and courageous man - it was not for nothing that the entire Soviet intelligentsia subscribed to the fraudulent Literature.

Kosolapov read Babiy Yar and said to the young poet: “Thank you for the beautiful poems. But in order to print them, I have to consult with my wife, it must be a family decision. ” “But why?” He was surprised. The answer was short: "Because they will fire me."

Indeed, Kosolapov’s wife soon arrived and locked herself in an office with her husband for half an hour. When she came out, her eyes were crying, but, going up to the poet, exhausted by the expectation, she stroked his head and said: “Do not worry, Zhenya, everything will be all right. We decided to be fired. ”

Appeared in the "Literary" Babi Yar "had the effect of a bombshell. I still remember the stunned faces of my parents - this can not be, because there can never be! In a week, the poem was translated into 72 languages ​​and published in all the leading newspapers of the world. Bags of letters with words of support and often with threats came to the poet’s name. The students of the Moscow University established permanent security at the house of Yevtushenko. "The poet in Russia is more than a poet" - with this phrase he prophesied his own fate.

Yevtushenko was lucky - he got more “vegetarian” time. Although the carriers of liberal ideas were recognized as a threat to the state, the scale was already incomparable: under Stalin they lost their lives, under Khrushchev and Brezhnev, freedom and the opportunity to live in their homeland.

“Writing Babi Yar was less daring than typing it,” said Yevtushenko. Naturally, Kosolapov was fired, but after a couple of years, he was rehabilitated and appointed to the post of editor of the New World. And now this fat magazine printed "sedition", and readers passed it from hand to hand and read it to the holes.

... E. A. Yevtushenko, this D'Artagnan of Russian poetry, overcoming a serious illness, continued to work a lot and productively: after the extremely successful anthology “Stropes of the Century”, the work on the five-volume anthology “10 centuries of Russian poetry” was completed. And, of course, until the last days he continued to write beautiful poems, "dictated, as always, or by the feeling of love, or by the feeling of shame."

The poet died April 1, 2017 ...

Watch the video: GRCCTV Classic: Yevgeny Yevtushenko 1999 (December 2019).


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